Engineering & Mining Journal

JUN 2013

Engineering and Mining Journal - Whether the market is copper, gold, nickel, iron ore, lead/zinc, PGM, diamonds or other commodities, E&MJ takes the lead in projecting trends, following development and reporting on the most efficient operating pr

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Page 33 of 171

REGIONAL NEWS - AFRICA Kinross Studying 38,000-mt/d Mill for Tasiast Kinross Gold announced on April 29 the results of its pre-feasibility study (PFS) for a 30,000-mt/d expansion project at its Tasiast gold operations in northwest Mauritania. The PFS assumed retention of the existing 8,000-mt/d Tasiast mill. At the same time, Kinross announced a decision to proceed with a feasibility study based on a new 38,000-mt/d mill after trade-off studies concluded that such a mill would be expected to provide the optimum economics for an expanded project. Under this scenario, the existing mill would be shut down. The existing open-pit Tasiast mine and mill produced 185,334 gold equivalent oz in 2012 at cost of sales of $889/oz. The property had 7.97 million oz in proven and probable reserves at the end of 2012. Work on the feasibility study for a new, 38,000-mt/d mill has begun and is scheduled for expected completion in the first quarter of 2014. The study will assess construction of a standard carbon-in-leach circuit with a primary crusher and SAG mill, in addition to existing dump leach facilities. The study will assume an open-pit mining sequence based on developing a series of pushbacks that would allow the mine to encounter expected higher-grade ore early in the mine life. A variable cut-off grade strategy is expected to be applied to bring gold production forward, while stockpiling lower-grade material for processing later in the mine life. Kinross CEO J. Paul Rollinson emphasized that undertaking the feasibility study does not imply that the new mill will be constructed. When the study is complete, a go or no-go decision will be made that will depend on a range of factors, including gold price assumptions and projections, expected economic returns, and various technical and other considerations. "As we continue to evaluate the project, we remain firmly focused on preserving the strength of our balance sheet," Rollinson said. The completed PFS for a 30,000-mt/d mill assumed a $1,500/oz gold price for overall project economics and, consistent with the Kinross year-end mineral reserve estimates, a $1,200/oz gold price for pit design purposes. The PFS estimates were based on a pit-design mineral resource estimate of approximately 10 million recovered gold ounces, which did not include additional known resources. In addition, the PFS estimates did not include potential district exploration upside. The PFS found that during the first five years of production, a 30,000-mt/d mill would be expected to produce approximately 830,000 gold equivalent oz/y, with average cash costs of approximately $500/oz and average all-in sustaining costs of approximately $735/oz. The Following receipt of results from a pre-feasibility study for a 30,000-mt/d expansion to its Tasiast mine and mill in Mauritania, Kinross Gold is now studying the possibility of building a new 38,000-mt/d mill to handle the higher mine output. If the project is approved, the existing mill will be closed. 32 E&MJ • JUNE 2013 expected initial capital cost would be approximately $2.7 billion. The mining rate would peak at 120 million mt/y. The Tasiast mine began commercial operations in 2008 under the ownership of Red Back Mining. Kinross acquired its 100% interest in the mine on September 17, 2010, when it completed its acquisition of Red Back. Current mining operations utilize conventional open-pit methods. High-grade ore processing is based on three-stage crushing, ball milling, and a carbon-in-leach circuit. Lower-grade oxide ore is processed in a run-of-mine heap leach facility. Swakop Uranium Starts Construction at Husab Swakop Uranium reports that construction is in progress at its $2.5-billion Husab uranium project in Namibia, following an official ground-breaking ceremony on April 18. The Husab project is located 60 km northeast of the major deep-sea port of Walvis Bay. The project feasibility study, reported in April 2011, was based on an initial reserve of 205 million mt grading 497 ppm U3O8 for a total of 225 million lb of contained U3O8. Husab production capacity is targeted at 15 million lb/y of U3O8, which will rank it among the largest uranium mines in the world. Pre-stripping ahead of mining will total 85 million mt. The mine plan for open-pit mining from two pits assumes mine production of 15 million mt/y at an average strip ratio of 7:1. The Husab process flowsheet is based on conventional technology, with crushing and grinding producing a coarse product for agitated-tank sulphuric acid leaching, followed by solid-liquid separation, ion exchange, solvent extraction, and precipitation before drying and packaging of the final product. Swakop Uranium is 90%-owned by a Chinese consortium headed by China Guangdong Nuclear Power Co., a stateowned enterprise. The remaining 10% is held by Epangelo Mining, a Namibian state-owned mining company. (Continued on p. 52)

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